25th October (12th October O.S.):
- EDISTIUS, martyred in Ravenna under Diocletian circa A.D. 303.
- EDWIN, King of Northumbria who married St. Ethelburgh of Kent (8th September), and was baptised by St. Paulinus (10th October). He died in battle at Hatfield Chase (A.D. 633) fighting against pagan Mercians and Welsh and was venerated as a martyr.
- EVAGRIUS, PRISCIAN AND COMPANIONS, (Date Unknown), a group of martyrs either in Rome or Syria.
- FELIX AND CYPRIAN, two bishops in North Africa, and leaders of a group, believed to be close to five thousand, Orthodox Christians, driven to starvation and death in the Sahara Desert by the Arian Vandal King, Hunneric circa A.D. 484.
- FIACE (FIECH), (Fifth Century), a bishop in Ireland, who was a friend and disciple of St. Patrick (17th March), in whose honour he wrote a hymn which is still extant.
- HERLINDIS AND RELINDIS, daughters of Count Adelard who built the convent of Maaseyk on the Meuse in present-day Belgium for them. Herlindis served as the first abbess reposing circa 745, and Relindis the second abbess reposed circa 750.
- MARTIN OF TOURS, (on Western calendars 11th November). The son of a Roman officer born in Upper Pannonia (modern-day Hungary). At the age of fifteen he enrolled in the imperial cavalry. While on posting in Amiens in Gaul he cut his cloak in half and gave his own half to a beggar. This beggar turned out to be Christ which led to his baptism. Leaving the army he became a disciple of St. Hilary, Bishop of Poitiers (13th January), living for ten years as a hermit and founding a monastery in Ligugé, he reluctantly was consecrated bishop of Tours in A.D. 372. He went on to found another monastic centre in Marmoutier, he continued to live as a monk, while devoting himself to his See. He was an opponent of both Arianism, and Priscillianism, but befriended Priscillianists when they were persecuted by the civil authorities. He was the greatest monk in the West of the age and hundreds of churches were dedicated to him. This great saint reposed A.D. 397 and his shrine in Tours is still is a site of Orthodox pilgrimage.
- MAXIMILIAN, born in Noricum in present-day Austria, he was a bishop who founded the church of Lorsch near Passau, and was martyred in Cilli in Styria under Numerian A.D. 284.
- MONAS, sixth(?) Bishop of Milan, almost nothing is known about his life and episcopate, it seems he served from A.D. 193 until his repose A.D. 249, though there are sources that place him as bishop aproximately a century later.
- PANTALUS, (Date Unknown), a martyr and Bishop of Basle.
- SALVINUS, a Bishop of Verona who reposed A.D. 562. His relics are enshrined in St. Stephen's church there.
- WILFRID, A cosmopolitan Churchman, notable missionary, great defender of Papal authority, and one of the most celebrated, and controversial bishops of the Anglo-Saxon Church. Wilfrid was born in Northumberland, and entered Lindisfarne in his teens and soon sought to expand his knowledge spending time at Canterbury, France and Rome, and upon his return to Britain, he was made abbot of the newly founded monastery at Ripon. He served as the chief spokesman at the Synod of Whitby, where his erudition served him well and as a result was able to persuade the Synod to adopt the Roman practices. So impressive was he at the Synod that he was elevated to the See of York. However, Wilfrid declined to be consecrated by the Northern bishops, instead traveling to France for ordination. For reasons no longer clear to us, his trip to France took longer than usual and in his absence St. Chad (2nd March) was appointed in his place. Upon his return, Wilfrid in great humility accepted St. Chad as bishop and retired to Ripon. A few years after St. Wilfrid’s return, St. Theodore of Canterbury (19th September), visited Northumbria, where he found Chad working as bishop. He pointed out to him the defects of his position and, at his instigation, St. Chad withdrew and Wilfrid once more became Bishop of York. During his tenure of the see, he acted with great vigour and energy, completing the work of enforcing the Roman obedience against the Scottish monks. He founded several monasteries, especially at Hexham and at Ripon, and completely rebuilt the minster at York. Not a decade later Theodore divided the diocese of York into three sees without Wilfrid's consent. Wilfrid departed for Rome to appeal against the high-handed act, spending a year on the way preaching in Frisia. Though he prevailed in his appeal, on his return to England he was imprisoned, and then exiled to Sussex, where he carried out successful missionary work. He was once more reinstated to the See of York, which he held for about five years before disputes with King Aldfrith compelled him to flee yet again. He was invited by the King of Mercia to administer the vacant see of Lichfield. Once more appealing to Rome, and although his claims were completely vindicated, he agreed, to resign in favour of St. John of Beverley (7th May), accepting instead the See of Hexham, and spending the last years of his life in his monastery at Ripon, reposing A.D. 709.
* - Prior to the Schism the Patriarchate of Rome was Orthodox and fully in communion with the Orthodox Church. As Saint John of Shanghai and San Francisco +1966 said "The West was Orthodox for a thousand years, and her venerable Liturgy is far older than any of her heresies."
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