30th September (17th September O.S.):
- COLUMBA, a nun at Tábanos, who was forced to flee to her native Córdoba by the Moorish persecution of A.D. 852. There she was called on to deny Christ, refusing, she openly rejected Mohammed, and was beheaded, A.D. 853.
- FAITH, HOPE AND CHARITY, (on Western calendars 1st August), the three daughters of St. Sophia (vide infra), aged twelve, ten and nine years, who were martyred in Rome under Hadrian, circa A.D. 137.
- FLOCELLUS, (second century), a youth in Autun, who, under the Emperor Marcus Aurelius (A.D. 161 - A.D. 180), was tortured, he was flung half-dead to the wild beasts in the amphitheatre.
- JUSTIN, a priest in Rome who devoted himself to burying the bodies of martyrs. He was eventually martyred himself, A.D. 259, and his relics were later translated to Frisingen in Germany.
- LAMBERT, six years after being consecrated bishop of his native Maastricht he was driven out by the tyrant Ebroin (A.D. 674). He then lived as a monk for seven years at the monastery of Stavelot. St. Lambert then returned to Maastricht where he did much to assist St. Willibrord (7th November) in his mission to Friesland. He was murdered in Liège (A.D. 709), and is venerated as a martyr.
- NARCISSUS AND CRESCENDO, early saints in Rome who reposed circa A.D. 260.
- RODINGUS (ROUIN), an Irish priest-monk who preached in Germany, and then entered the monastery of Tholey near Trier. He later moved to the Forest of Argonne in north-eastern Gaul, where he founded the monastery of Wasloi, later known as Beaulieu. St. Rodingus reposed circa A.D. 690.
- SATYRUS, the elder brother of St. Ambrose of Milan (7th December), who was baptised when he took ill on a trip from Rome. He rejoined his brother and their sister, St. Marcellina (17th July), at Milan; but unfortunately reposed shortly thereafter (circa A.D. 379 - A.D. 392). St. Ambrose wrote his essay, “On the death of a brother,” in praise of Satyrus.
- SOCRATES AND STEPHEN, (Fourth Century), Saints Socrates and Stephen were British martyrs during the Diocletian persecution. Cæsar Constantius Chlorus, who ruled with Imperial powers in the West, was less than vigorous in carrying out Diocletian’s edict of persecution, so most British Christians were spared. Hence along with SS. Alban (17th July20th June), Julius and Aaron (17th July1st July), SS. Socrates and Stephen are the only British martyrs of that persecution listed in the ancient Martyrologies. Pious legends place the location of the martyrdom of SS. Socrates and Stephen as South Wales, but there is no evidence to support this.
- SOPHIA, the mother of the virgin-martyrs Faith, Hope and Charity (vide supra) who were martyred under Hadrian. She was permitted to take thier bodies for burial, and then sat at their graves for three days after their martyrdom. St. Sophia reposed, while praying at their tomb, martyred in her soul, circa A.D. 173.
- THEODORA, a Roman noblewoman who devoted herself and her wealth to the care of the martyrs during the persecution of Diocletian. It is most likely that she reposed while the persecution was still on going, circa A.D. 305.
- UNI (UNNI, UNNO, HUNO), a monk at New Corvey in present-day North Rhine-Westphalia Germany, who was consecrated Bishop of Bremen-Hamburg, A.D. 917. St. Uni helped enlighten Sweden and Denmark, before reposing in Birka in Sweden, A.D. 936.
* - Prior to the Schism the Patriarchate of Rome was Orthodox and fully in communion with the Orthodox Church. As Saint John of Shanghai and San Francisco +1966 said "The West was Orthodox for a thousand years, and her venerable Liturgy is far older than any of her heresies."
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