23 August, 2014

Orthodox Western Saints for Today


Pre-Schism Saints of the Orthodox Roman Patriarchate*
23rd August (10th August O.S.)
:


Orthodox Saints of the British Isles


  • AGILBERTA (AGUILBERTA, GILBERTA), the second Abbess of Jouarre. She was a relative of SS. Ado (16th December), founder of Jouarre, and Agilbert (11th October), Bishop of Paris. St. Agilberta reposed circa A.D. 680.
  • AREDIUS (ARIGE, AREGIUS), an Archbishop of Lyons, who reposed circa A.D. 614.
  • ASTERIA (HESTERIA), a martyr (circa A.D. 307) venerated in Bergamo in Lombardy. She was a sister of St. Grata (1st May), and both were associated in the burial of the holy martyr Alexander (26th August).
  • BASSA, PAULA AND AGATHONICA, (Date Uncertain), three holy virgins martyred in Carthage in North Africa.
  • BETTELIN (BERTRAM), (Eighth Century), in the Anglican Church of the Holy Cross at Ilam, Staffordshire, is the Chapel of St. Bertram, built in 1618 by the Meverell, Port, and Hurt families. The chapel holds the remains and shrine of St. Bertram, an Anglo-Saxon saint, whose existence is entirely legendary. All the information on St. Bertram, or Bettelin, seems to come from a Life in the 1516 edition of the Nova Legenda Angliæ. St. Bertram is described as a seventh or eighth century Mercian King who renounced his title and wealth, and abandoned the world. He became a hermit in the area that is present-day Stafford, of which he is patron saint. This Life is confused and intertwined with that of St. Bettelin (9th September), and it is possible, if not probable, that they are one and the same person.

  • TROPARION OF ST. BERTRAM OF STAFFORD - TONE VIII
    Like newborn lambs are we lacking in any defense, unable to
    withstand the onslaughts of the spiritual wolves who seek ever
    devour us; but do thou, O righteous Bertram, come unto our aid,
    and with the staff of God's grace which abideth in thee drive far
    from us the savage minions of Satan, that by thine entreaties we
    may find safety and rest in the fold of Christ in paradise.

  • BLANE (BLAAN, BLAIN), (Sixth Century), according to the Aberdeen Breviary St. Blane was a disciple of SS. Comgall (10th May) and Kenneth (11th October). He was consecrated Bishop of Kingarth in the Isle of Bute in Scotland at the end of the sixth or beginning of the seventh century A.D. St. Blane was buried at Dunblane, where the Cathedral and several churches are dedicated to his honour. However, there is debate regarding the dates generally given for his life. If, as it is thought, he was a disciple of SS. Comgall and Kenneth then his birth must have been after A.D. 550. However, Butler, and Dempster insist that he flourished in the tenth or eleventh century, perhaps confusing St. Kenneth with King Kenneth († circa A.D. 1000). The Bollandists reject the theory that St. Blane studied under of SS. Comgall and Kenneth. This leads to the contemporary hypothesis that there were two different St. Blanes, one who lived in the sixth century A.D., and a second who lived in the eleventh century A.D.
  • DEUSDEDIT, (Sixth Century), a poor shoemaker in Rome, and contemporary of St. Gregory the Dialogist (3rd September). According to St. Gregory, each Saturday, St. Deusdedit gave away to the poor all that he had earned at his trade during the week.
  • GERONTIUS (GERAINT), St. Gerontius was a King of Dumnonia (present-day Devon England) who fell in battle against the pagan Saxons (circa A.D. 508). Numerous romantic legends evolved about his life and that of his wife, Enid, all of doubtful veracity. The first known mention of him is in the 12th century Exeter Martyrology, which refers to a King Gerontius, though not as a saint. An Exeter Litany attributed to Bishop Leofric of Exeter (+c. A.D. 1072) mentions a St. Gerontius. Another Gerontius, a King of Cornwall who reposed A.D. 596, is listed as a saint in some works, though without a feast date, and may be the same person. A modern Bollandist has speculated that the first Gerontius was a local saints who was elevated to the status of king in the writings of later hagiographers.
  • LAURENCE OF ROME, St. Laurence was one of the deacons of Pope St. Sixtus II (7th August), and was martyred (A.D. 258) three days after the Pope by being roasted on a gridiron. He has always been venerated as one of the most celebrated martyrs of Rome. According to Prudentius, St. Laurence’s martyrdom, was the death of idolatry in Rome. He was buried on the Via Tiburtina, where his basilica now stands.
  • MARTYRS OF ROME, one hundred and sixty-five martyrs in Rome under Aurelian A.D. 274.
  • THIENTO AND COMPANIONS, an Abbot of Kloster Wessobrunn near Weilheim in Bavaria, who was martyred, along with six of his monks, by invading Hungarians, A.D. 955.


* - Prior to the Schism the Patriarchate of Rome was Orthodox and fully in communion with the Orthodox Church. As Saint John of Shanghai and San Francisco +1966 said "The West was Orthodox for a thousand years, and her venerable Liturgy is far older than any of her heresies."



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22 August, 2014

Orthodox Western Saints for Today


Pre-Schism Saints of the Orthodox Roman Patriarchate*
22nd August (9th August O.S.)
:


Orthodox Saints of the British Isles


  • AMOR (AMOUR), (Date Uncertain), venerated in Franche-Comté in France together with St. Viator (21st October). Their relics are enshrined at Saint-Amour in Burgundy.
  • AUTOR (ADINCTOR, AUTEUR) , (Fifth Century), the thirteenth Bishop of Metz in France.
  • BANDARIDUS (BANDERIK, BANDERY), Bishop of Soissons in France from A.D. 540 until his repose in A.D. 566. He also was the founder of a monastery at Crépin.
  • DOMITIAN OF CHÂLONS, (Fourth Century?), the third Bishop of Châlons-sur-Marne and successor of St. Donatian (7th August).
  • FIRMUS AND RUSTICUS, two relatives, probably citizens of Bergamo, honoured in Verona, who were martyred under Maximian circa A.D. 290.
  • NATHY (DAVID), a disciple of St. Finian of Clonard (12th December), St. Nathy went on to be the founding abbot of a monastery at Achonry, Co. Sligo, Ireland. It has been said that he was consecrated bishop, however, Colgan and all other reputable sources list him as a priest. Though renowned for the austerity of his life, he was even more celebrated for the loving kindness he showed to the poor. St. Nathy reposed at an advanced age, circa A.D. 600, and is the patron saint of the Irish diocese of Achonry.
  • NUMIDICUS AND COMPANIONS, a group of martyrs burnt at the stake at Carthage under Decius, A.D. 251. Numidicus was dragged still breathing out of the ashes of the funeral pyre and was ordained priest by St. Cyprian (16th September).
  • PHELIM, (Sixth Century), an Irish priest, St. Phelim is reputed to have been a disciple of St. Columba (9th June). He lived as a hermit and over time the town of Kilmore, Co. Cavan, of which he is the main patron saint, grew around his cell.
  • ROMANUS OSTIARIUS, an early martyr (A.D. 258) in Rome.
  • RUSTICUS, (Fourth Century?), a martyr at Sirmium in Pannonia.
  • SECUNDIAN, MARCELLIAN AND VERIAN, martyrs who suffered near Civitavecchia in Italy under Decius (A.D. 250). Secundian seems to have been a prominent official.
  • SERENUS, a Bishop of Marseilles in France who reposed A.D. 606.


* - Prior to the Schism the Patriarchate of Rome was Orthodox and fully in communion with the Orthodox Church. As Saint John of Shanghai and San Francisco +1966 said "The West was Orthodox for a thousand years, and her venerable Liturgy is far older than any of her heresies."



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21 August, 2014

Orthodox Western Saints for Today


Pre-Schism Saints of the Orthodox Roman Patriarchate*
21st August (8th August O.S.)
:


Orthodox Saints of the British Isles


  • CYRIACUS, LARGUS, SMARAGDUS AND COMPANIONS, a group of twenty-four martyrs lead by St Cyriacus, a deacon, who suffered in Rome under Diocletian A.D. 304.
  • ELLIDIUS (ILLOG), (Seventh Century), St. Ellidius appears to be the patron saint of Hirnant, the village church being the Parish of St. Illog, Montgomeryshire, Wales. He is also the patron of a church in the Scilly Islands. The name “St. Helen’s Isle” is an English corruption of the Cornish Enys Elidius.
  • GEDEON, the thirteenth Bishop of Besançon from A.D. 790 until his repose in A.D. 796.
  • LEOBALD (LEODEBOD), the founder of Fleury Abbey in Saint-Benoît-sur-Loire, near Orleans in present-day France. He reposed in A.D. 650.
  • MUMMOLUS (MOMMOLUS, MOMMOLENUS), the second Abbot of Fleury in France. He had relics of SS. Benedict (11th July - on Eastern Calendars 14th March) and Scholastica (10th February) translated from Italy and so Fleury came to be known as Saint-Benoît-sur-Loire. St. Mummolus reposed circa A.D. 678.
  • RATHARD, a noble who became a priest and later founded the church and monastery at Diessen in present-day Germany. St. Rathard reposed A.D. 815.
  • SEVERUS, a priest whose origin is no longer known, but is believed to have travelled a great distance to enlighten the area around Vienne in Gaul. He reposed circa A.D. 445.
  • SIGRADA, mother of SS. Leodegarius and Warinus (both 2nd October), as a widow she became a nun at the convent in Soissons. St. Sigrada reposed circa A.D. 678.
  • TERNATIUS (TERNISCUS), the eleventh Bishop of Besançon, he reposed circa A.D. 680.
  • ULTAN, (Eighth Century), St. Ultan was an Irish priest at the monastery of St. Peter in Crayke, North Yorkshire, England. He was a highly regarded master of the art of illuminating manuscripts.


* - Prior to the Schism the Patriarchate of Rome was Orthodox and fully in communion with the Orthodox Church. As Saint John of Shanghai and San Francisco +1966 said "The West was Orthodox for a thousand years, and her venerable Liturgy is far older than any of her heresies."



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20 August, 2014

Orthodox Western Saints for Today


Pre-Schism Saints of the Orthodox Roman Patriarchate*
20th August (7th August O.S.)
:


Orthodox Saints of the British Isles


  • CARPOPHORUS, EXANTHUS, CASSIUS, SEVERINUS, SECUNDUS AND LICINIUS, soldiers martyred (circa A.D. 295) in Como in the north of Italy under Maximian Herculius.
  • DONAT (DUNWYD), (Date Unknown), according to the English Menology St. Donat is the patron saint of St. Donat’s, or Llandunwyn, in the Vale of Glamorgan in Wales. There is no further information on his life extant.
  • DONATIAN, (Date Unknown), the second Bishop of Châlons-sur-Marne in France.
  • DONATUS AND HILARINUS, (Fourth Century), St. Donatus was the second Bishop of Arezzo. St. Hilarinus was a martyr in Ostia.
  • DONATUS, a monk at Luxeuil who served as a Bishop of Besançon. A great supporter of monasticism, he founded a monastery dedicated to St. Paul in Besançon. St. Donatus reposed circa A.D. 660.
  • FAUSTUS, a soldier martyred in Milan in Italy under Commodus circa A.D. 190.
  • PETER, JULIAN (JULIANA) AND COMPANIONS, a group of twenty or more martyrs in Rome under Valerian and Gallienus circa A.D. 260.
  • SIXTUS II (XYSTUS), (on Eastern Calendars 10th August), the twenty-fourth Pope of Rome. He was martyred (A.D. 258) while celebrating the liturgy in the catacomb of Praetextatus in Rome. Arrested along with Pope St. Sixtus were his deacons Felicissimus, Agapitus, Januarius, Magnus, Vincent and Stephen. All of whom were martyred, as was the seventh deacon St. Laurence shortly afterwards.
  • VICTRICIUS, the son of a Roman legionnaire and army officer himself, who resigned as he found military service incompatible with the Faith. He was subsequently sentenced to death, however the sentence was not carried out. St. Victricius became a missionary in the north of France and later the eighth Bishop of Rouen from A.D. 393 until his repose A.D. 417).


* - Prior to the Schism the Patriarchate of Rome was Orthodox and fully in communion with the Orthodox Church. As Saint John of Shanghai and San Francisco +1966 said "The West was Orthodox for a thousand years, and her venerable Liturgy is far older than any of her heresies."



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19 August, 2014

Orthodox Western Saints for Today


Pre-Schism Saints of the Orthodox Roman Patriarchate*
19th August (6th August O.S.)
:


Orthodox Saints of the British Isles


  • GEZELIN (GHISLAIN, GISLE, JOSCELIN), (Date Unknown), a hermit honoured in Slebusrode near Cologne in present-day Germany.
  • HARDULF, (Seventh Century), the Church of St. Mary and St. Hardulph (C. of E.) in Breedon on the Hill, Leicestershire, commemorates St. Hardulph, about whom we know little else. Though he does not appear in any of the Mediaeval Kalendars, the English Menology avers that St. Hardulph may be the hermit of Breedon mentioned in the ninth century Life of St. Modwenna. Though the traditional feast date for St. Hardulph is 6th August, he is commemorated on the Calendar of the Moscow Patriarchate on 21st August.
  • HORMISDAS, successor to St. Symmachus (19th July ) as Pope of Rome. He is best remembered for the confession of Faith called the Formula of Hormisdas, which helped end Monophysitism.
  • JUSTUS AND PASTOR, two brothers aged only thirteen and nine, who were scourged and beheaded at Alcalá in Spain under Diocletian A.D. +304.
  • STEPHEN OF CARDEÑA AND COMPANIONS, Abbot of the Castilian monastery of Cardeña near Burgos in Spain where there were over two hundred monks. It is generally believed that St. Stephen and his monks were martyred by the Saracens A.D. 872.


* - Prior to the Schism the Patriarchate of Rome was Orthodox and fully in communion with the Orthodox Church. As Saint John of Shanghai and San Francisco +1966 said "The West was Orthodox for a thousand years, and her venerable Liturgy is far older than any of her heresies."



Orthodox Western Saints Database
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18 August, 2014

Orthodox Western Saints for Today


Pre-Schism Saints of the Orthodox Roman Patriarchate*
18th August (5th August O.S.)
:


Orthodox Saints of the British Isles


  • ABEL, most likely born in Ireland, he was Archbishop of Rheims circa A.D. 744-748. When his Cathedral was occupied by an intruder, he went to live at the monastery of Lobbes, where he reposed circa A.D. 751.
  • AFRA, a martyr who suffered in Augsburg, probably under Diocletian (circa A.D. 304). St. Afra was venerated there from early times and the monastery of that city was dedicated to her.
  • ANTHERUS, (on Western calendars 3rd January). A Greek who was Pope of Rome for only forty-three days (21st November, A.D. 235 – 3rd January, A.D. 236. He is believed by some scholars to have been martyred and was buried in the Catacomb(s) of Pope St. Callistus I (14th October) one of the Catacombs of Rome on the Appian Way.
  • CASSIAN OF AUTUN, the successor of St. Rhétice (20th July) as fourth Bishop of Autun. St. Gregory of Tours (17th November) wrote of St. Cassian’s miracles. St. Cassian reposed circa A.D. 350.
  • EMYGDIUS (EMIDIUS), a saint whose relics were venerated in Ascoli in the Apulia region of present-day Italy.
  • FABIAN, (on Western calendars 20th January) the successor of St. Antherus (3rd January) as Pope of Rome. He was martyred under Decius (A.D. 250). St Cyprian (16th September - on Eastern calendars 31st August) described him as an ‘incomparable man’ and added that the glory of his death matched the purity and goodness of his life.
  • GORMCAL, St. Gormcal was Abbot of Ardoilen in Co. Galway, Ireland and a participant in the monastic revival of his era. He reposed A.D. 1016.
  • MARTYRS OF ROME, twenty-three martyrs on the Salarian Way in Rome under Diocletian A.D. 303.

  • MEMMIUS (MENGE, MEINGE), the founder and first Bishop of Châlons-sur-Marne. He is considered the Apostle of that region. St. Memmius reposed circa A.D. 300.


  •  King St. Oswald


  • OSWALD, the holy, glorious, right-victorious martyr and right-believing King Oswald of Northumbria was the king of Northumbria (Northern England) from circa A.D. 633 until his repose circa A.D. 642. Following the death of his father in battle St. Oswald’s mother fled with her children into exile in Scotland and it is believed that during that time he was baptised at Iona and also learned Gaelic. In A.D. 634 St. Oswald assembled an army and prepared to meet that of Penda and Cædwalla at Hatfield Chase near present-day Doncaster, South Yorkshire. Although most of his men were not Christians, St. Oswald had a great wooden cross erected on the field, steadying it with his own hands as his men filled the hole that had been dug for its base. He then ordered his army to kneel and pray to the true and living God that He grant them victory:

    “Let us now kneel down and pray to the omnipotent and only true God, that He will mercifully defend us from our proud enemy,” he told them, “for He knows that we fight in a just war in defence of our lives and our country.”


    Later that night, St. Oswald had a vision of St. Columba of Iona (9th June), who stretched his cloak over the sleeping soldiers and promised that St. Oswald’s army would be victorious in battle the next day. St. Oswald’s forces prevailed at Hatfield Chase and St. Oswald established his supremacy over Northumbria.

    For the next half decade Britain experienced a rare period of stability, and while tending to the temporal matters of his realm, St. Oswald also laboured to bring spiritual enlightenment to his people. Approaching the Celtic monks at Iona, rather than the Roman clerics at Canterbury, St. Oswald invited missionaries to preach the Gospel to his people. Unfortunately the first bishop sent on this mission was too harsh, and alienated more people than he attracted and was soon recalled. St. Aidan (31st August) was then consecrated bishop and dispatched as the new hierarch. He proved to be the ideal choice, and St. Oswald gave him the island of Lindisfarne for his see. There St. Aidan founded the famous Lindisfarne monastery where many future saints were trained. As St. Aidan was not yet fluent in the Anglo-Saxon language, St. Oswald would often accompany him on his missionary trips to act as interpreter, and thus through word and example, people were drawn to Christ.

    St. Oswald was often seen sitting in prayer; he gave land and money for the establishment of monasteries, and was renowned for his charity and generosity to the poor, as is illustrated by this incident:

    One year, as St. Oswald was about to sit down to his Easter meal with St. Aidan, a servant came in and informed the king that a large number of poor subjects were outside begging for alms. St. Oswald ordered that his own food be served to the people on silver platters, and furthermore that the platters should then be broken up and the silver pieces be distributed amongst them. This act so moved St. Aidan that he took St. Oswald’s right hand and said “May this hand never perish”. And, according to tradition, St. Oswald’s hand remained incorrupt for centuries.

    This event was memorialised in an illustration in the Berthold Missal, which dates from the thirteenth century and is in the collection of the Morgan Library in New York City.

    St. Oswald fell in the Battle of Maserfield on 5th August, A.D. 642 at the age of thirty-eight. As he died, he prayed for the souls of his soldiers saying “O God, be merciful to their souls”. Following his repose St. Oswald’s body was dismembered and his head and arms displayed on poles. Many miraculous healings have been attributed to his relics and the earth from the site where St. Oswald fell, and it is said a plague in Sussex was averted by Oswald’s intercession. According to twelfth century English historian William of Malmesbury, St. Oswald is the first English saint whose relics worked miracles.

    A year after his martyrdom, St. Oswald’s head was enshrined at Lindisfarne and portions of his relics were distributed to churches in England and on the Continent. Today, St. Oswald’s head is enshrined at Durham Cathedral in St. Cuthbert’s coffin; unfortunately the rest of his relics seem to have been lost. The translations of St. Oswald’s relics is commemorated on 20th June.

  • TROPARION OF KING ST. OSWALD — TONE II
    Mighty works did the holy King Oswald accomplish for the Faith,
    for in his great and surpassing love he willingly laid down his life for the people of God;
    wherefore, the Christ God filled his sacred relics with mighty power,
    to heal the sick and move men’s souls to compunction.

    TROPARION OF KING ST. OSWALD — TONE V
    Example to kings, champion of the Faith and missionary of God’s Holy Word,
    thou didst excel in spiritual virtues O Father Oswald.
    With Aidan’s help thou didst lift from Northumbria the heavy yoke of heathenism and fearing nothing,
    thou didst confront the forces of darkness, thereby exchanging thy earthly crown for the crown of martyrdom.
    We who are blessed to have thy precious relics with us to this day
    entreat thee for thy prayers that Christ our God will grant us His great mercy.

  • PARIS, beyond having been the Apostle and first Bishop of Teano, all that is known about St. Paris is legend. He is thought to have been of Greek origin and was consecrated bishop by Pope St. Sylvester I (31st December - on Eastern calendars 2nd January).
  • THEODORIC, Bishop of Cambrai-Arras in the north of France from circa A.D. 830 until his repose A.D. 863.
  • VENANTIUS, Bishop of Viviers, though the date and place of birth and death unknown. it is recorded that he attended synods at Epaon in A.D. 517 and at Clermont in A.D. 535.


* - Prior to the Schism the Patriarchate of Rome was Orthodox and fully in communion with the Orthodox Church. As Saint John of Shanghai and San Francisco +1966 said "The West was Orthodox for a thousand years, and her venerable Liturgy is far older than any of her heresies."



Orthodox Western Saints Database
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17 August, 2014

Orthodox Western Saints for Today


Pre-Schism Saints of the Orthodox Roman Patriarchate*
17th August (4th August O.S.)
:


Orthodox Saints of the British Isles


  • AGABIUS, an early Bishop of Verona who reposed circa A.D. 250, no further details of his life are extant.
  • EPIPHANES AND ISIDORE, (Date Unknown), two early martyrs who were venerated at the Cathedral of Besançon in France until the French Revolution.
  • EUPHRONIUS, the eighteenth Bishop of Tours (A.D. 555-573). He was succeeded by St. Gregory of Tours (17th November).
  • LUA (LUGID, MOLUA), A disciple of St. Comgall (10th May), St. Lua spent the early part of his monastic life at the great monastery of Bangor. He was acclaimed for his great asceticism and the Rule he wrote for his monks was one of the most austere of its kind. There are many legends about St. Lua of doubtful veracity. It is said he was the founder (some legends say builder) of one hundred and twenty churches or monasteries, and that, even as a child, he was a wonder-worker. Miracles attributed to him include St. Lua’s cure of his father’s cancerous foot. St. Lua reposed in the early part of the seventh century, various years from A.D. 609 to 622 have been given. In Scotland his feast was traditionally kept on 25th June.
  • PEREGRINUS, MACERATUS AND VIVENTIUS, (Sixth Century), traditionally believed to have been brothers from Spain, who died in France where they were seeking to rescue their enslaved sister.
  • PERPETUA, a Roman matron who was baptised by the Apostle Peter (29th June), and then converted her husband and her son, St. Nazarius (28th July). St. Perpetua's reposed circa A.D. 80, and her relics are enshrined in Milan and Cremona in Italy.
  • PROTASIUS, (Date Unknown), a martyr who was honoured in Cologne in present-day Germany, about whom nothing further is known.
  • SEZNI, a native of Britain, St. Sezni went to Guic-Sezni in Brittany, where he founded a monastery and where his relics were venerated. He is also the patron saint of Sithney in Cornwall. St. Sezni reposed circa A.D. 529.
  • TERTULLINUS, a priest who was martyred in Rome under Valerian two days after his ordination in A.D. 257.


* - Prior to the Schism the Patriarchate of Rome was Orthodox and fully in communion with the Orthodox Church. As Saint John of Shanghai and San Francisco +1966 said "The West was Orthodox for a thousand years, and her venerable Liturgy is far older than any of her heresies."



Orthodox Western Saints Database
Search by Name or Date









All books by Dr. Hutchison-Hall are available for
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