23rd August (10th August O.S.):
- AGILBERTA (AGUILBERTA, GILBERTA), the second Abbess of Jouarre. She was a relative of SS. Ado (16th December), founder of Jouarre, and Agilbert (11th October), Bishop of Paris. St. Agilberta reposed circa A.D. 680.
- AREDIUS (ARIGE, AREGIUS), an Archbishop of Lyons, who reposed circa A.D. 614.
- ASTERIA (HESTERIA), a martyr (circa A.D. 307) venerated in Bergamo in Lombardy. She was a sister of St. Grata (1st May), and both were associated in the burial of the holy martyr Alexander (26th August).
- BASSA, PAULA AND AGATHONICA, (Date Uncertain), three holy virgins martyred in Carthage in North Africa.
- BETTELIN (BERTRAM), (Eighth Century), in the Anglican Church of the Holy Cross at Ilam, Staffordshire, is the Chapel of St. Bertram, built in 1618 by the Meverell, Port, and Hurt families. The chapel holds the remains and shrine of St. Bertram, an Anglo-Saxon saint, whose existence is entirely legendary. All the information on St. Bertram, or Bettelin, seems to come from a Life in the 1516 edition of the Nova Legenda Angliæ. St. Bertram is described as a seventh or eighth century Mercian King who renounced his title and wealth, and abandoned the world. He became a hermit in the area that is present-day Stafford, of which he is patron saint. This Life is confused and intertwined with that of St. Bettelin (9th September), and it is possible, if not probable, that they are one and the same person.
- BLANE (BLAAN, BLAIN), (Sixth Century), according to the Aberdeen Breviary St. Blane was a disciple of SS. Comgall (10th May) and Kenneth (11th October). He was consecrated Bishop of Kingarth in the Isle of Bute in Scotland at the end of the sixth or beginning of the seventh century A.D. St. Blane was buried at Dunblane, where the Cathedral and several churches are dedicated to his honour. However, there is debate regarding the dates generally given for his life. If, as it is thought, he was a disciple of SS. Comgall and Kenneth then his birth must have been after A.D. 550. However, Butler, and Dempster insist that he flourished in the tenth or eleventh century, perhaps confusing St. Kenneth with King Kenneth († circa A.D. 1000). The Bollandists reject the theory that St. Blane studied under of SS. Comgall and Kenneth. This leads to the contemporary hypothesis that there were two different St. Blanes, one who lived in the sixth century A.D., and a second who lived in the eleventh century A.D.
- DEUSDEDIT, (Sixth Century), a poor shoemaker in Rome, and contemporary of St. Gregory the Dialogist (3rd September). According to St. Gregory, each Saturday, St. Deusdedit gave away to the poor all that he had earned at his trade during the week.
- GERONTIUS (GERAINT), St. Gerontius was a King of Dumnonia (present-day Devon England) who fell in battle against the pagan Saxons (circa A.D. 508). Numerous romantic legends evolved about his life and that of his wife, Enid, all of doubtful veracity. The first known mention of him is in the 12th century Exeter Martyrology, which refers to a King Gerontius, though not as a saint. An Exeter Litany attributed to Bishop Leofric of Exeter (+c. A.D. 1072) mentions a St. Gerontius. Another Gerontius, a King of Cornwall who reposed A.D. 596, is listed as a saint in some works, though without a feast date, and may be the same person. A modern Bollandist has speculated that the first Gerontius was a local saints who was elevated to the status of king in the writings of later hagiographers.
- LAURENCE OF ROME, St. Laurence was one of the deacons of Pope St. Sixtus II (7th August), and was martyred (A.D. 258) three days after the Pope by being roasted on a gridiron. He has always been venerated as one of the most celebrated martyrs of Rome. According to Prudentius, St. Laurence’s martyrdom, was the death of idolatry in Rome. He was buried on the Via Tiburtina, where his basilica now stands.
- MARTYRS OF ROME, one hundred and sixty-five martyrs in Rome under Aurelian A.D. 274.
- THIENTO AND COMPANIONS, an Abbot of Kloster Wessobrunn near Weilheim in Bavaria, who was martyred, along with six of his monks, by invading Hungarians, A.D. 955.
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